E.3b Learned Behavior

animal-psychology-dog

DBQ P328

1

  • Sonogram 1 is more stable compared to sonogram 2 in terms of stability of frequency. In the middle, there is a large fluctuation of frequency in sonogram 2 for a long duration. On the other hand, there is a short period of fluctuation in sonogram 1 towards the end.

2a

  • The pitch fluctuates much less in sonogram 3, compared to sonograms 1 and 2. However, the lines are very thick, indicating that the pitch may be louder to because the white-bird sparrow cannot hear any other bird song.

2b

  • The song is both innate and learned because all populations of white-bird sparrow shared a similar pattern, but there were individual parts that differed, specifically in sonogram 3 when the environment changed.

3a

  • Sonogram V seems to have some similarity to sonograms 1, 2 and 3 at the beginning. However, the pitch becomes similar to that of sonogram 4 towards the end as seen in the downward sloping pitch. The major difference is that sonogram V has a higher fluctuation than sonogram 4.

3b

  • As mentioned above, the beginning part of sonogram V is similar to that of sonogram 1 and 2, in that there is a thick line.

3c

  • Birds rarely imitate other species because actions of other species may attract danger that they cannot deal with or may distract mates from them. s

3d

  • Morton and Bapsta’s observations are evidence of learned development of birdsong, as the specie was able to overcome its innate behavior and acquire a new behavior.
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